The Association of Magazine Media

Handbook of Consumer Marketing: Selected Federal And State Laws On Marketing

Please note that this summary of selected federal and state marketing laws

is not intended to be a substitute for legal advice.  Please consult your attorney.

 

FEDERAL LAWS

 

Automatic Renewal and Negative Option

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has promulgated regulations governing pre-notification negative option plans. 

The federal pre-notification negative option rule, 16 C.F.R. pt. 425, Use of Prenotification Negative Option Plans, sets forth requirements for disclosures, notifications, and cancellation and refund policies.  A copy of the rule can be found here.

For MPA guidance on various forms of advance consent marketing, including, issues automatic renewal, negative option, and free-to-pay conversion plans, please see the MPA Guide to Circulation Practices and Research

Electronic Mail Solicitations

The Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing (CAN-SPAM) Act, codified at 15 U.S.C. §§ 7701-7713, establishes federal standards for electronic mail whose primary purpose is commercial, such as requiring that consumers be given the opportunity to opt-out of receiving future solicitations. 

A copy of the Rules implementing the CAN-SPAM Act, codified at 16 C.F.R. pt. 316, is available here.

MPA guidance on CAN-SPAM is available in the MPA Guide to Circulation Practices and Research

The CAN-SPAM Act preempts state laws regarding requirements for electronic solicitations, although states may enforce laws prohibiting false and deceptive advertising sent via electronic mail.

“Free”: Use of Word

The FTC has promulgated rules regarding the use of the word, “free,” in advertisements.  These rules may apply to free trial offers, in which a consumer is given the opportunity to sample the magazine before buying.  A copy of the FTC rule, codified at 16 C.F.R. pt. 251, can be found here.

Home Solicitation Sales

The FTC’s Rule Concerning Cooling-Off Period for Sales Made at Homes or at Certain Other Locations, is codified at 16 C.F.R. pt. 429, and is available here.
 

Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule

A copy of the FTC Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule, 16 C.F.R. pt. 435, which provides that buyer must have the option to cancel and receive a refund if merchandise is not delivered within the time period specified in the solicitation materials, or within thirty days if no time period is specified can be found here.
 

Pricing

The Federal Trade Commission has promulgated its Guides Against Deceptive Pricing, which are codified at 16 C.F.R. pt. 233, and are available here.
 

Privacy-Data Security

At the present time, there is neither a comprehensive federal privacy law generally applicable to the collection or use of personal information from adults, nor a comprehensive data security law.  Nevertheless, the following federal laws do have privacy and data security provisions:

The Child Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)

The FTC has issued its Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule, which accompanies COPPA and is codified at 16 C.F.R. pt. 312.  It requires verifiable parental consent before the operator of a website may collect personally identifiable information from children under the age of 13.  A copy of the rule can be found here.

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), is codified at 20 U.S.C. § 1232g and limits personally identifiable information available through a school.  Additional information is available at the Department of Education’s FERPA website at website.

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 201-237, provides privacy protection for patients.

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Financial Services Modernization Act, codified at 15 U.S.C. §§ 6801-6809, limits information sharing by financial institutions.  The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Safeguards Rule is codified at 16 C.F.R. pt. 314.

The Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA), codified at 15 U.S.C. § 1601-1693, governs financial transactions, including authorization requirements for the use of debit cards, ACH and other forms of electronic payment for recurring transactions. 

The Driver’s Privacy Protection Act (DPPA), 18 U.S.C. §§ 2721-2725, governs drivers records.

Simulated Invoices

The postal statute on nonmailable matter, codified at 39 U.S.C. § 3001(d), requires that mailed solicitations that could be interpreted as a bill, invoice, or statement of account due bear the following notice: “This is a solicitation for the order of goods or services, or both, and not a bill, invoice, or statement of account due.  You are under no obligation to make any payments on account of this offer unless you accept this offer.”

Sweepstakes

The Deceptive Mail Prevention and Enforcement Act, 39 U.S.C. §§ 3001-3017, known commonly as the federal “Sweepstakes Law,” became effective in April 2000.  The law gives the U.S. Postal Service greater authority over and places tighter restrictions—as well as affirmative disclosure and name removal requirements—on sweepstakes and skill contest mailings. The Act also contains requirements for mailings containing  facsimile checks, and mailings made to look like government documents The Act applies only to material sent through the mail.  FTC guidance on complying with the law can be found here.

Telephone Marketing

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) have promulgated regulations for telemarketing sales, including the Do-Not-Call list, required disclosures, limitations on hours, restrictions on “upsells,” restrictions on automatic dialers, and exceptions for calls to consumers with whom the business has an  established business relationships. 

a.   Telemarketing Sales Rule, the FTC

A copy of the FTC Telemarketing Sales Rule can be found here.

The 2003 amendments to the Telemarketing Sales Rule created the National Do-Not-Call list.  The following publications provide information regarding the Rule and the amendments to it:

A copy of the FTC handbook, Complying with the Telemarketing Sales Rule, can be found here.

For MPA guidance on the Telemarketing Sales Rule, please see the MPA Guide to Circulation Practices and Research

b.  Additional Federal Telephone Marketing Laws

A copy of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), Public Law 102-243, codified at 47 U.S.C. § 227, can be found at: 

http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode47/usc_sec_47_00000227----000-.html

A copy of the MPA educational guide, Guidelines for Managers of Telemarketing Enterprises Who Sell Magazine Subscriptions, written by MPA and the FTC, can be found at:

http://www.magazine.org/Circulation/educational_guides/1819.cfm UPDATE THIS LINK

 

STATE LAWS


Child Email Registries

Michigan and Utah have established child email registries containing the electronic addresses of minors submitted by parents, guardians, and administrators of web domains with minors’ addresses.  These laws require email senders to have their mailing lists “scrubbed” by a state vendor to remove the addresses of minors if the sender is sending material that minors may not purchase or that is deemed harmful to minors.  There are criminal penalties for noncompliance. 

Michigan, Mich. Comp. Laws §§ 752.1061 to 752.1068

Utah, Utah Code Ann. §§ 13-39-101 to 13-39-304

Continuous Service, Continuity, and Negative Option (As of November 2013)

Several states have enacted statutes that govern negative option plans, and other forms of advance consent marketing such as and continuous service and continuity.  These laws generally require certain disclosures during the initial solicitation, renewal notices and notification of cancellation procedures.  

Alaska: Alaska Stat. § 45.45.930

California: Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §17600-17606

Colorado: Colo. Rev. Stat. § 6-6-103

Connecticut: Conn. Gen. Stat. §42-126b

Georgia: GA Admin. Code §122-4.01

Hawaii: HRS § 481-9.5

Illinois: 815 ILL. Comp. Stat. §601

Kentucky: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §367.570 to 367.585

Louisiana: LA Rev. Stat. §9.2716

Nebraska: Neb. Rev. Stat. §63-101

New York: 21 NY CRR §§ 4602.2, 4603.1 (Telemarketing)

North Carolina: NC Gen. Stat. §75-41

Oregon: ORS § 646A.295; § 646A.293

Utah: Utah Admin. Code Rule R-152-11-12
 

Do-Not-Call Registries

As noted in the Federal Section of this summary, the 2003 amendments to the Telemarketing Sales Rule created the National Do-Not-Call list.  However, the FCC has not explicitly exempted state laws that establish state Do-Not-Call registries, and many states have established such registries.  Thus, publishers should check the laws in the individual states in which they engage in telephone sales.

Expiration Date

Multiple states have specific requirements regarding disclosure of expiration date of magazine subscription on renewal notices.

California: Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 22475

Connecticut: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 42-133i

Kentucky: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 367.540

New York: NY Gen. Bus. § 335-a  
 

Electronic Mail Solicitations

As noted in the Federal Law section of this summary, the federal CAN-SPAM Act preempts state laws regarding electronic solicitations.  However states may enforce laws prohibiting false and deceptive advertising sent via e-mail, and 38 states have laws have related laws. 

“Free”: Use of Word

A number of states specifically regulate use of the term free and impose specific disclosure requirements regarding terms and conditions associated with a free offer.

California:

Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17533.8

Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17537

Cal. Civ. Code § 1770

Connecticut:

            Con. Agencies Regs. § 42-110b-19

Florida:

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 817.415

Hawaii:

Haw. Admin. Code §16-303-5

 

Massachusetts:

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. § 445.903

Michigan:

            Mich. Comp. Laws § 445.903

Minnesota:

Minn. Stat. § 82A.09
 

New York City:

NYC Rules, Tit. 6, § 5-06

Ohio:

Ohio Admin. Code. §109:4-3-04

Oregon:

Or. Admin. R. § 137-020-0015

 

Free Trials (As of November 2013)

Alaska: Alaska Stat. §45.45.920

California: Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §17602(a)(3)

Connecticut: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §42-126b

Illinois: 815 ILL Comp. Stat. Ann. §505/2P.1

Maine: 10 Me. Rev. Stat. §1210

Massachusetts: Mass. Regs. Code §3.03(3)

New York: General Business Law §396-MM

Oregon: ORS §646.644
 

Home Solicitation Sales

All states with the exception  of the State of Washington, have laws governing sales that occur in a location other than the seller’s principal place of business. These statutes, are drafted sufficiently broadly as to potentially apply to telephone sales. The requirements of these laws vary by state but include registration, written contract requirements, and specified cancellation notice language. You should consult with counsel to determine the applicability of these laws to your marketing programs.

 

Privacy

California:

Cal. Civil Code §§ 1798.81.5, et seq. (Regulates businesses who share personally identifiable information with third parties and provides for security practices and notification in the event of a security breach.)

Cal. Civil Code §§ 1798.83-1798.84  (Known commonly as the “Shine the Light” law, it imposes specific privacy notice requirements on certain businesses that share customers’ personal information with other entities for marketing purposes.  The requirements include establishing a contact point for customers to obtain a marketer’s information-sharing policies and required disclosures that must be included in the company’s privacy policy..

Many states also have data security breach laws that specify the procedures a company must follow in the event of a data security breach.

Simulated Checks

Some states prohibit or impose disclosure requirements on the use of simulated checks, which are often used as a marketing technique in direct mail pieces.

California: Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17539.1(13) (2006); Cal. Bus. & Prof. § 22433(a) (2006).

Colorado: Col. Rev. Stat. § 6-1-803(12) (2006).

Connecticut: Con. Gen. Stat. § 42-299 (2006).

Illinois:  Ill. Comp. Stat. Ch. 815 § 505/2X (2006).

Louisiana:  LA Rev. Stat. Ann. § 1723(C)(1) (2006).

New York:  NY Gen. Bus. Law § 396-aa (2006).

New Hampshire:  NH Rev. Stat. § 358-O:6 (2006).

North Carolina: NC Gen. Stat. § 75-35 (2006).

Rhode Island:  RI Gen. Laws § 42-61.1-5 (2006).

South Carolina:  SC Code § 37-15-60(1) (2006).

Texas:  Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Ann. § 40.066(11) (2006).

Virginia:  VA Code § 59.1-419 (2006).

Washington:  Wash. Rev. Code § 19.170.050(1) (2006).

West Virginia:  W. Va. Code § 46A-6D-6(a) (2006).
 

Simulated Invoices

California: Cal. Civ. Code § 1716.  (Requires that solicitations that could reasonably considered to be to be a bill, invoice, or statement contain the following notice: “This is not a bill.  This is a solicitation.  You are under no obligation to pay the amount stated above unless you accept this offer.”

Utah: Utah Code Ann. § 13-11-1, et seq. (In May 2006, Utah amended its Consumer Sales Practices Act to prohibit solicitations that resemble invoices.)

Vermont: 9 V.S.A. Chapter 135 – Provides specific regulations for solicitations in the guise of a bill, invoice, or statement of account

Sweepstakes, Gifts, Prizes, Premiums

State prize and gift notification laws heavily regulate the offering of sweepstakes, gifts, prizes and premiums..  Such restrictions may include specific disclosure requirements for sweepstakes and contests, prohibitions on conditioning  the receipt of prizes or gifts on the purchase of a product, prohibitions on everybody wins sweepstakes and restrictions on the use of simulated checks. Many of these state laws also impose various disclosure requirements on the offering of any gifts or premiums.

Alabama:  Sweepstakes Solicitations – Ala. Code §§ 8-19D-1 to 8-19D-1 (2006).

Arkansas:  Prize Promotion Act – Ark. Code. Ann. § 4-102-101 to 4-102-109 (2006).

California:  Prize Notification – Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17537 (2006); Solicitation materials containing sweepstakes entries - Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17539.15 (2006); Unlawful advertising; conditional offer of prizes or gifts – Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 17537 – 17537.1 (2006).

Colorado:  Sweepstakes and Contests – Colo. Rev. Stat. §§ 6-1-802 to 6-1-804 (2006).

Connecticut:  Sweepstakes – Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 42-295 to 42-300 (2006).

Florida:  Game Promotion Registration Law – Fla. Stat. Ann. § 849.094 (2006).

Georgia:  Fair Business Practices Act – Ga. Code Ann. §§ 10-1-392 to 10-1-393 (2006).

Hawaii:  Offers of gifts or prizes; unlawful – Haw. Rev. Stat. § 481B-1.6 (2006).

Illinois:  Prizes and Gifts Act – Ill. Comp. Stat. Ch. 815 §§ 525/1 – 525/35 (2006); Offers of free prizes, gifts or gratuities; disclosure of conditions – Ill. Comp. Stat. Ch. 815 § 505/2P (2006).

Indiana:  Promotional Gifts and Contests – Ind. Code Ann. §§ 24-8-1-1 to 24-8-6-3 (2006).

Iowa:  Prize Promotions – Iowa Code §§ 714B.1 – 714B.10 (2006).

Kansas:  Prize Notification – Kan. Stat. Ann. § 50-692 (2006).

Kentucky:  Use of mailed document purporting to inform of winning a prize – Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 365.055 (2006).

Louisiana:  Promotional Contests – La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 51:1721 – 51:1725 (2006).

Maryland:  Offers of conditional prizes; exceptions – Md. Code Ann. Com. Law I § 13-305 (2006).

Michigan:  Lotteries – Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.372a (2006).

Minnesota:  Prize notices and solicitations – Minn. Stat. § 325F.755 (2006).

Nevada:  Sales Promotions – Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 598.131 – 598.139 (2006).

New Hampshire:  Prizes and Gift Act – N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 358-O:1 to 358-O:10 (2006).

New Jersey:  Notification to person that he has won prize and requiring him to perform act – N.J. Stat. Ann. § 56:8-2.3 (2006).

New Mexico:  Game Promotion Regulations – N.M. Admin. Code tit. 1 §§ 2.2.7 – 2.2.13 (2006).

New York:  Game Registration Law – N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 369-e (2006); Prize Award Schemes – N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 369-ee (2006).

North Carolina:  Prize Presentation Law – N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 75-32 to 75-34 (2006).

North Dakota:  Contest Prize Notices – N.D. Cent. Code §§ 53-11-01 to 53-11-05 (2006).

Ohio:  Prizes – Ohio Admin Code § 109:4-3-06 (2006).

Oklahoma:  Consumers Disclosure of Prizes and Gifts Act – Okla. Stat. tit 21 §§ 996.1 – 996.3 (2006).

Oregon:  Contest, Sweepstakes and Prize Notification Rules – Or. Admin. R. §§ 137-020-0410 to 137-020-0460 (2006).

Rhode Island:  Prizes and Gifts Act – R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 42-61.1-1 to 42-61.1-9 (2006); Games of Chance Registration Act – R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 11-50-1 to 11-50-8 (2006).

South Carolina:  Prize and Gift – S.C. Code Ann. §§ 37-15-20 to 37-15-100 (2006).

South Dakota:  Sweepstakes Prizes – S.D. Codified Laws §§ 37-32-1 to 37-32-18 (2006).

Tennessee:  Promotions or inducements to sell goods, services or other products – Tenn. Code Ann. § 47-18-120 (2006); Prizes – Tenn. Code Ann. § 47-18-124 (2006).

Texas:  Contests and Gift Giveaways – Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Ann. §§ 40.001 – 40.005 (2006).

Utah:  Prize Notices Regulation Act – Utah Code Ann. §§ 13-28-1 to 13-28-9 (2006).

Vermont:  Contests and Sweepstakes – Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 § 2143b (2006).

Virginia:  Prizes and Gifts Act – Va. Code Ann. §§ 59.1-415 to 59.1-423 (2006).

Washington:  Promotional Advertising of Prizes – Wash. Rev. Code §§ 19.170.010 to 19.170.900 (2006).

West Virginia:  Prizes and Gifts Act – W. Va. Code §§ 46A-6D-1 to 46A-6D-10 (2006).

Wisconsin:  Prize Notices – Wis. Stat. § 100.171 (2006).

Wyoming:  Promotional Advertising of Prizes – Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 40-12-201 to 40-12-209 (2006).

 

Telephone Solicitation

Many states have specific laws regulating telephone solicitations. These laws are not preempted by the Federal Telemarketing Law. While the specific provisions of these laws vary by state, the requirements include registration and bonding requirements for telemarketers and/or sellers, required disclosures for telemarketing calls generally and more specific disclosures for telemarketing calls involving a prize or gift promotion, time of day calling restrictions and do not call lists.

Alabama: Alabama Telemarketing Act – Ala. Code §§ 8-19A-1 to 8-19A-24 (2003); Telephone Solicitations – Ala. Code §§ 8-18C-1 to 8-19C-12 (2003).

Alaska: Telephonic Solicitations – Alaska Stat. §§ 45.63.010 – 45.63.100 (2002); Telephonic Sellers – Alaska Admin. Code tit. 9 §§ 14.010 – 14.900 (2004); Unfair Trade Practices and Consumer Protection (Do Not Call) – Alaska Stat. §§ 45.50.475 – 45.50.561 (2005).

Arizona: Telephone Solicitations – Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 44-1271 to 44-1282 (2003).

Arkansas: Residential Sales and Solicitations – Ark. Code Ann. §§ 4-99-201 to 4-99-408 (2005); Regulation of Telephonic Sellers -- Ark. Code Ann. §§ 4-99-101 to 4-99-112 (2003); Arkansas Mail and Telephone Consumer Product Promotion Fair Practices Act – Ark. Code Ann. §§ 4-95-102 to 4-95-108 (2005).

California: Unsolicited and Unwanted Telephone Solicitations – Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 17590 – 17595 (2006); Telephonic Sellers -- Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code §§ 17511 - 17513 (2003).

Colorado: Prevention of Telemarketing Fraud – Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 6-1-301 to 6-1-306 (2003); Colorado No-Call List Act – Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 6-1-901 to 6-1-908 (2003).

Connecticut: Telemarketing – Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§ 42-284 to 42-288 (2003).

Delaware: Telemarketing Registration and Fraud Prevention – Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, §§ 2501A – 2508A (2003).

District of Columbia: Telephone Fraud – D.C. Code Ann. §§ 22-3226.01 to 22-3226.15 (2003).

Florida: Florida Telemarketing Act – Fla. Stat. Ann. §§ 501.601 – 501.626 (2003); Consumer Protection (Telephone Solicitation) - Fla. Stat. Ann. § 501.059 (2003).

Georgia: Telephone Service – Ga. Code Ann. §§ 46-5-20 to 46-5-27 (2003); Telemarketing No Call List – Ga. Comp. R. & Regs. r. 515-14-1-.01 to 515-14-1-.08 (2005).

Hawaii: Telemarketing Fraud Prevention Act – Haw. Rev. Stat. §§ 481P-1 to 481P-8 (2006).

Idaho: Idaho Telephone Solicitation Act – Idaho Code §§ 48-1001 to 48-1010 (2003); Idaho Rules of Telephone Solicitations and Pay-Per-Telephone Call Services – Idaho Admin. Code §§ 04.02.02.000 – 04.02.02.082 (2003).

Illinois:  Telephone Solicitations Act – 815 Ill. Comp. Stat. 413/1 – 413/25 (2003); Restricted Call Registry Act – 815 Ill. Comp. Stat. 402/1 – 402/99 (2005).

Indiana: Telephone Solicitations – Ind. Code §§ 24-5-12-1 to 24-5-12-25 (2003); Telephone Solicitations – Ind. Admin. Code tit. 11, r. 1-1-1 to 1-4-1 (2002); Telephone Solicitation of Consumers – Ind. Code §§ 24-4.7 to 24-4.7-5-6 (2003); Provision of Listing of Telephone Numbers Not to Be Solicited – Ind. Admin Code tit. 11, r. 2-1-1 to 2-9-3 (2002).

Kansas: Telemarketing Fraud – Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 50-670a to 50-675 (2003); Telephone Solicitations – Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 50-669b to 50-670 (2003).

Kentucky:  Telephone Solicitations – Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 367.46951 – 367.46999 (2003).

Louisiana:  Telephonic Sellers – La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 45:821 – 45:833 (2003); Telephone Solicitation Relief Act of 2001 - La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 45:844.11 – 45:844.17 (2005); Consumer Telemarketing Protection Act of 2001 - La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 45:810 – 45:81 (2003).

Maine:  Transient Sellers of Consumer Merchandise – Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 32, §§ 14701 – 14716 (2003).

Maryland: Unfair or Deceptive Practices Act – Md. Code Ann., Com. Law § 13-301 (2005); Maryland Telephone Solicitations Act – Md. Code Ann., Com. Law §§ 14-2201 to 14-2205 (2003); Maryland Telephone Consumer Protection Act – Md. Code Ann., Com. Law §§ 14-3201 to 14-3201 (2005).

Massachusetts:  Telemarketing Solicitation – Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 159C, §§ 1 – 14 (2003).

Minnesota:  Telephone Solicitation – Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 325E.311 – 325E.316 (2003).

Mississippi:  Mississippi Telephone Solicitation Act – Miss. Code Ann. §§ 77-3-701 to 77-3-737 (2003); Unsolicited Residential Telephonic Sales Calls - Miss. Code Ann. §§ 77-3-601 to 77-3-619 (2003); Mississippi Telephone Solicitation Act – Code of Miss. Rules 26 000 004 (2003).

Missouri:  Telemarketing Practices – Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 407.1070 – 407.1090 (2003); Telemarketing No-Call List - Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 407.1095 – 407.1110 (2003).

Montana:  Montana Telemarketing Registration and Fraud Prevention Act – Mont. Code Ann. §§ 30-14-1401 to 30-14-1414 (2003); Telemarketing – Mont. Admin. R. 2.61.501 to 2.61.507 (2004); Telephone Solicitation No-Call List - Mont. Code Ann. §§ 30-14-1601 to 30-14-1606 (2003).

NebraskaTelemarketing and Prize Promotions Act – Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 86-212 to 86-235 (2003).

Nevada:  Solicitation By Telephone – Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 599B.005 – 599B.300 (2003); Telecommunication Solicitation – Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 228.520 – 228.600 (2005); Solicitation By Telephone – Nev. Admin. Code ch. 599B, §§ 011 – 810 (2004).

New Hampshire:  Telemarketing Sales Calls – N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 359-E:7 to 359-E:11 (2004).

New Jersey:  Frauds, Etc., In Sales or Advertisements of Merchandise – N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 56:8-119 to 56:8-134 (2005); Telemarketing: Do Not Call – N.J. Admin. Code tit. 13, §§ 45D-1.1 to 45D-5.2 (2004).

New Mexico:  Unfair Trade Practices – N.M. Stat. Ann. §§ 57-12-22 to 57-12-24 (2003); Fraudulent Telemarketing – N.M. Stat. Ann. §§ 30-50-1 to 30-50-4 (2003); Consumer No-Call Act - N.M. Stat. Ann. §§ 57-12A-1 to 57-12A-7 (2003).

New York:  Telephone Sales Protection Act – N.Y. Pers. Prop. Law §§ 440 – 448 (2003); Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act – N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 399-pp (2003); Telemarketing (Do-Not-Call) – N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 399-z (2005).

North Carolina:  Telephone Solicitations – N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 75-100 to 75-105 (2003); Telephonic Seller Registration and Bond Requirement – N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 66-260 to 66-266 (2003).

North Dakota:  Telephone Solicitations – N.D. Cent. Code §§ 51-28-01 to 51-28-22 (2003).

Ohio:  Telephone Solicitors – Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §§ 4719.01 – 4719.99 (2003); Telephone Soliciting – Telemarketing Registration – Ohio Admin. Code §§ 109:4-6-01 to 109:4-6-05 (2004).

Oklahoma:  Commercial Telephone Solicitation – Okla. Stat. tit. 15, §§ 775A.1 – 775A.5 (2003); Telephone Solicitation – Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1861 (2003); Telemarketer Restriction Act – Okla. Stat. tit. 15, §§ 775B.1 – 775B.7 (2003).

Oregon:  Unlawful Trade Practices – Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 646.608 – 646.611 (2006); Telephone Solicitors Registration – Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 646.551 – 646.559 (2003); Unlawful Telephone Solicitations - Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 646.561 – 646.565 (2003).

Pennsylvania:  Telemarketing Registration Act – 73 Pa. Cons. Stat. §§ 2241 – 2249 (2003).

Rhode Island:  Telephone Sales Solicitation Act – R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 5-61-1 to 5-61-6 (2003).

South Carolina:  Regulation of Unsolicited Consumer Telephone Calls – S.C. Code Ann. § 16-17-445 (2003).

South Dakota:  Telemarketing – S.D. Codified Laws §§ 37-30A-1 to 37-30A-17 (2003); Telecommunications Services - S.D. Codified Laws §§ 49-31-1 to 49-31-108 (2005).

Tennessee:  Consumer Telemarketing Protection – Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 47-18-1501 to 47-18-1527 (2003); Telephone Solicitation - Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 65-4-401 to 65-4-408 (2003).

Texas:  Telephone Solicitation – Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Ann. §§ 37.01 – 37.05 (2003); Regulation of Telephone Solicitation – Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Ann. §§ 38.001 – 38.305 (2003); Miscellaneous - Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Ann. § 35.47 (2003).

Utah:  Telephone Fraud Prevention Act – Utah Code Ann. §§ 13-26-1 to 13-26-11 (2003); Telephone and Facsimile Solicitation Act – Utah Code Ann. §§ 13-26-1 to 13-26-11 (2003).

Vermont:  Telemarketing Transactions – Vt. Stat. Ann. 9 §§ 2464 – 2466 (2005).

Virginia:  Virginia Telephone Privacy Protection Act – Va. Code Ann. §§ 59.1-510 to 59.1-518 (2003).

Washington:  Telecommunications – Wash. Rev. Code §§ 80.36.005 – 80.36.390 (2003); Commercial Telephone Solicitation – Wash. Admin. Code §§ 308-320-03 to 308-320-090 (1990).

West Virginia:  Telemarketing – W. Va. Code §§ 46A-6F-101 to 46A-6F-703 (2003).

Wisconsin:  Telephone Solicitations – Wis. Stat §§ 100.52 (2003); Telephone Solicitations; Direct Marketing – Wis. Admin. Code §§ 127.01 – 127.18 (2003); No-Call List – Wis. Admin. Code §§ 127.80 – 127.84 (2003).

Wyoming:  Telephone Solicitation – Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 40-12-301 to 40-12-305 (2004). 

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